Born in Vienna in 1968, where he also obtained his law degrees (master’s degree in 1991, doctorate in 1994). After completing postgraduate studies at the Harvard Law School (LLM in 1994), he joined the Department for Legal Affairs in European Integration in the Constitutional Law Section of the Austrian Federal Chancellery. From 1995 to 2003, he was a member of the chambers of Judge Dr. Peter Jann at the European Court of Justice. In 2003, he joined the European Commission’s Legal Service. In 2004, he obtained the postdoctoral qualification to lecture in European law at the University of Graz. In 2010, he was appointed honorary professor by WU. He has taught and published extensively on various matters of European Union law.